Negotiating community and household interests in early irrigation communities of the Sonoran Desert
Palabras clave:Periodo de Agricultura Temprana, elemento mortuorio, irrigación.
Los sitios arqueológicos del periodo de Agricultura Temprana (circa 2100 a.C.-d.C. 50) incorporan la transición de una vida cazador-recolector hacia el desarrollo de aldeas permanentes basadas en agricultura con irrigación en el Desierto Sonorense dentro de la región del suroeste de EEUU/noroeste de México. El desarrollo de conceptos sobre organización corporativa creó la necesidad de negociar identidades en la familia y dentro de la comunidad y las prácticas mortuorias proporcionan un mecanismo que probablemente utilizan para nivelar las tensiones sociales entre las agrupaciones de casas. Las prácticas mortuorias normativas del periodo de Agricultura Temprana se caracterizan por inhumaciones primarias, con cuerpo flexionado y pocos artefactos asociados y mínima diferenciación social. Los ritos mortuorios probablemente funcionaron para incorporar una idea de identidad comunitaria, mientras que la localización del difunto funcionaba para demonstrar conexiones entre familias, agrupaciones de casas y derechos de propiedad. Sin embargo, la poca variabilidad que se observa durante el periodo incluye configuraciones numerosas del cuerpo, entierros múltiples y cremaciones que podrían reflejar la expresión de identidad personal y/o de cosmologías diferentes.
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